Blood pressure is the pressure that the blood circulating in our organism exerts on the walls of our arteries. The values accepted for normal blood pressure are 100 to 140 mmHg (upper limit) and 60 to 90 mmHg (lower limit). High Blood Pressure, also called Arterial Hypertension, is also considered when the regularly measured values are above 140/90 mmHg.
Arterial hypertension, often called the Silent Killer, because about 50% of the people who suffer from it are unaware of their condition, is one of the most serious risk factors and prerequisites for the following health problems:
- Heart attack
- Ischemic heart disease
- Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
- Arterial aneurysm
- Atrial Fibrillation (A-fib, AF)
- Heart failure
- Hypertensive Retinopathy
- Hypertensive Nephropathy
- Pulmonary Embolism
- Chronic Kidney Disease
- Cognitive Disorders
Globally, Hypertension is a problem for over 1 billion people, with over 76 million of those in the United States. In 2015, every 1 in 4 men and every 1 in 5 women had hypertension, as fewer than 1 in 5 people have this problem under control. About 1 in 3 Americans have prehypertension, while only half of those with high blood pressure have their condition under control. In 2016, in the US there were 82,735 deaths primarily attributed to High Blood Pressure. (1)
In the EU- 28, in 2015 1.91 million deaths resulted from diseases of the circulatory system equal to 36.7% of all deaths. According to Eurostat, the highest shares of self-reported hypertensive diseases among the population aged 15 years and over were recorded in Hungary (31.9 %), Bulgaria (29.6 %), Latvia (29.4 %), Germany (28.5 %) and Lithuania (28.1 %). The lowest shares were recorded in France (14.4 %), Ireland (15.5 %), Sweden (16.2 %), the United Kingdom (16.4 %) and the Benelux countries (all below 17.0 %); Norway (12.7 %) and Turkey (16.1 %) also reported low shares.
Hypertension is one of the major causes for premature death around the world.
1. Benjamin EJ, Muntner P, Alonso A, Bittencourt MS, Callaway CW, Carson AP, Chamberlain AM, Chang AR, Cheng S, Das SR, Delling FN, Djousse L,Elkind MSV, Ferguson JF, Fornage M, Jordan LC, Khan SS, Kissela BM, Knutson KL, Kwan TW, Lackland DT, Lewis TT, Lichtman JH, Longenecker CT, Loop MS, Lutsey PL, Martin SS, Matsushita K, Moran AE, Mussolino ME, O'Flaherty M, Pandey A, Perak AM, Rosamond WD, Roth GA, Sampson UKA, Satou GM, Schroeder EB, Shah SH, Spartano NL, Stokes A, Tirschwell DL, Tsao CW, Turakhia MP, VanWagner LB, Wilkins JT, Wong SS, Virani SS; on behalf of the American Heart Association Council on Epidemiology and Prevention Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics - 2019 update: a report from the American Heart Association [published online ahead of print January 31, 2019]. Circulation. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000659.